To start with, Cancer is a group of diseases which involve abnormal cell growth and their malignant mutation. This abnormal growth can occur in any part of the body. The most prone areas are throat, lung, and breast. When the abnormal growth of cells is seen in the throat region, the doctors would refer to this condition as throat cancer. By taking a look at some of the throat cancer symptoms, the patient will get a rough idea of the types of pointers to look out for. These throat cancer symptoms will help in early diagnosis and treatment of the condition.
Throat Cancer Stages
In order to understand the throat cancer, it is noteworthy to take a look at the stages of throat cancer. This will help in figuring out the next steps after identifying the symptoms of cancer.
At stage 0 the cells of only the top layer of the throat are affected. Cancer at this stage is particularly treatable.
The stage 1 throat cancer cells at this stage only grow about 2 cm are limited to the are of origin.
The stage 2 throat cancer will affect approximately 2 to 4 cm around the area of origin.
At stage 3 the scope of treatment becomes quite limited. The major reason is that the tumor here grows more the 4 cm around the area of origin. The cells start spreading to other parts of the throat.
At this point, the cancerous cells have grown to the lymph nodes or distant organs. Cases at this stage are considered terminal, or untreatable.
Top 5 Throat Cancer Symptoms
Throat cancer is associated with abnormal growth of cells in the throat. So, let’s take a look at the top 5 throat cancer symptoms.
1. Sudden Changes In Voice / Pitch
One of the easiest pointers of throat cancer is a sudden change in the voice, If someone experiences a sudden change in his or her pitch then it is advisable to seek doctor’s consultation. Hoarseness in one’s voice could be one of the throat cancer symptoms.
Also, read about: Difference Between Normal Cell And Cancer Cell.
2. Trouble Swallowing Food Or Drink
The inability or trouble in swallowing foods or beverages could be one of the throat cancer symptoms. The trouble in swallowing could lead to the person choking on their food. This condition is also known as Dysphagia. Although, Dysphagia alone is not a substantial symptom of throat cancer.
3. Erratic Weight Loss
This is one of the throat cancer symptoms which needs to be looked at in combination with other throat cancer symptoms. People with advanced cancer suffer from weight loss. There is a basic explanation for weight loss in cancer patients. Due to cancer, the immune system goes through extreme changes, these changes can also happen to the body’s metabolism process.
Must read: Yuvraj Singh’s Cancer Story.
4. Bloody Coughs
In the list of throat cancer symptoms, bloody coughs are one of the more serious pointers. If a patient is coughing blood then immediate medical attention is advisable. The medical term for coughing blood is hemoptysis.
5. Sore Mouth
The sore mouth can also be one of the throat cancer symptoms. The severity of sore mouth can vary, however, due to the soreness, discomfort in chewing, drinking, and swallowing food becomes painful. Thus, immediate medical attention is necessary for a sore mouth.
Also, read about: How to Avoid Cancer
The next steps after identifying the symptoms are to visit one of the best cancer hospitals such as Terna Hospital, SL Raheja hospital, Dr LH Hiranandani hospital Mumbai, etc. At the time of the appointment, the doctor may go through the patient’s medical history. If the throat cancer symptoms are persistent, then the patient will undergo the needful treatments. In most cases, throat cancer is treatable, so a positive outlook is a must when going through the treatment procedure. In case the patient is not convinced with the treatment plan or diagnosis then take a second opinion on cancer diagnosis.