Those pregnant or helping someone through pregnancy would be quite familiar with the relation between pregnancy and emotional changes. Ranging from surprise and excitement over finding out the pregnancy to stress and anxiety over the well being of the growing baby. In this blog, we will be discussing emotional changes, depression during pregnancy and anxiety during pregnancy.
However, it is important to know that these changes are quite common. By understanding why these happen and being prepared for it can allow couples to brace their pregnancy positively and adapt to the changes taking place in the body, relationships and future.
What causes emotional changes during pregnancy?
Fatigue, stress and metabolic changes that accompany pregnancy contribute to changing moods and emotional disturbances. Another major reason for mood changes is the action of hormones like oestrogen and progesterone, the levels of which undergo major changes during pregnancy. These hormones cause changes in the level of neurotransmitters, the chemicals in the brain that control moods. Since the most dramatic hormonal changes occur in the first trimester followed by the third trimester, these are the times when maximum mood changes occur.
How to maintain emotional well-being during pregnancy?
The first thing to do when taking charge of emotions is to know that this is all a normal part of the pregnancy.
The bodily changes that bring about emotions during pregnancy cannot be controlled, but it is possible to cope with the situation through simple management techniques like:
- Eating well
- Ensuring plenty of sleep
- Taking naps during the day to prevent fatigue
- Getting regular physical activity like walks, swims, etc.
- Taking time to relax with activities like catching a movie, practising a hobby, spending time with a partner
- Joining prenatal yoga or meditation classes
You can also read about the First Trimester of Pregnancy
When it’s time to get help?
Each pregnancy is different; every woman experiences different levels of emotional changes. While it may be a happy time for some, other women may endure their pregnancy as a stressful experience. It is crucial to realise when negative emotions begin to signal a more chronic depression-like condition. A continuous bad mood will cause a loss of confidence, lack of sleep, exhaustion, feeling of numbness and detachment from relationships.
Depression can be managed by bringing in a positive and well-balanced approach to daily life. A good diet and physical activity can uplift mood. Anti-depressant medication might become necessary for some women.
Most pregnant women are able to take charge of their emotional lows by first understanding that these are normal during pregnancy, and following it up with positive changes in routine. Pregnancy is a unique experience and emotional changes must not ruin the entire experience!
Mental Issues During Pregnancy
Looking after your mental and emotional health is equally important as your physical health condition. Pregnancy for most women is an exciting and demanding time. It may be more difficult for those who have had some past mental health conditions. In some cases, women with no mental issues may also develop some form of physiological issues during pregnancy.
As we have already discussed above, mood swings are very normal during pregnancy. But do you feel nervous or low all the time? Yes? It could be a sign of something deeper going on. Everyday stress and worries can take a toll.
Generally, pregnant women may have two types of mental issues:
Depression during pregnancy
Pregnancy and childbirth can trigger depression in women. Some common symptoms of depression are:
- Feeling sad and hopeless
- Negative thoughts
- Not having a good sleep
- Loss of appetite
Some have depression before pregnancy, whereas some may experience this condition during pregnancy. Some of the reasons could be a lot of stress at work, home or unhappy with the pregnancy.
It is analyzed that every 1 in 10 women and 1 in 20 men have antenatal depression. Antenatal depression is a form of clinical depression that can affect pregnant women and can be a precursor to postpartum depression if not properly treated.
Anxiety During Pregnancy
Do you have feelings of worry or fear over things that might happen? This could be an early sign of anxiety. Generally, pregnant women worry that they won’t be a good mother or that it is not the right time for a baby.
Other than these two, pregnant women may also have the following mental issues:
Whenever you realise the symptoms of depression, anxiety or any other mental condition, you must consult with your doctor. They can help you feel better. Never take any medicine without consulting your doctor, especially when you know that you are pregnant.
Also, read Postpartum Depression.
Mental and emotional changes in pregnant women are quite common. Pregnant women generally experience mood swings and some changes in their behaviour, which is very common. Similarly, many new moms experience the above mental conditions, such as depression during pregnancy. So, whenever you feel depression or anxiety during pregnancy, consult your doctor or therapist and get help right away. The sooner you consult your doctor, the sooner you’ll feel better.
For more information and personalised guidance, speak to a Credihealth medical experts at +918010994994 or contact to the Best Gynaecologist in India now.
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