When you think of sex, what comes to your mind? Well, depending upon your sexuality and/or experience, most definitely, you would think of the pleasure associated with sex. But sometimes, sexual activity brings along discontent in the form of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). And all genders are at risk of getting STDs or STIs. Let’s talk about the most common STDs in men.
This week on #NotSoShy, we will discuss the various signs and symptoms of STDs in men.
Common STDs in Men
Several factors play a role in maintaining your sexual health. Men who are proactive in bed (not for sleeping, definitely) can get STDs based on – hygiene, the number of partners, type of sexual activity, use of precautions and more. There are several different types of STDs. Sometimes, there are no signs and symptoms of STDs in men. Hence, understanding about one’s sexual health becomes significant.
Here are some common STDs in men:
Definition – Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. It can be transmitted via vaginal, oral and anal sex. It is one of those STDs who do not display symptoms initially. Most affected men recognize the symptoms of chlamydia much later till the disease has progressed. This is why it is also known as a ‘silent’ infection. This infection can affect men in the throat, urethra, or rectum.
Symptoms – Pain during urination, lower abdominal pain, discharge from the penis.
Treatment – Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics.
Definition – Herpes is of two types – Oral and Genital. This infection is caused by a virus caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). It can be transmitted through contact with the mouth or genitals of a person who is infected with herpes.
Symptoms – Red-colored or fluid-filled bumps, ulcers, pain and itching.
Treatment – Herpes can be treated with antiviral medications. However, there is no cure yet.
3. HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
Definition – One of the most common STDs in men is HPV. It is a group of viruses with nearly 150 strains. About 40 strains can cause potential harm to men. Some HPVs cause genital warts. In some cases, this infection can be treated by the body on its own.
Symptoms – Swelling around the penis, itching, and the presence of warts.
Treatment – This infection can be treated with the use of medicines.
Definition – Another infection that does not reflect any signs and symptoms of STDs in men is Gonorrhea. It is a bacterial infection. It affects the urethra, anus or throat of men if they have unprotected sex with an infected person.
Symptoms – A burning sensation during urination, yellowish discharge, pain in the testicles.
Treatment – This infection can be treated with the use of medication.
Definition – HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is among the most common STDs in men. This virus can be transmitted during sexual contact. But also because of sharing needles and more. HIV can be a life-threatening condition if not treated properly.
Symptoms – Fever, rashes, Sore throat, swelling in lymph nodes.
Treatment – There is no cure for HIV. It can be treated by using different kinds of medicines.
Related read: HIV Symptoms in Men and Their Prevention
Definition – Another most common STDs in men is syphilis. It is a bacterial infection. It is spread through anal, vaginal or oral sexual activity. It has a higher potential threat to human life because syphilis is related to HIV. A man who is infected by syphilis has a higher chance of getting HIV.
Symptoms – Painless ulcers, skin rashes, swelling in lymph nodes, kidney problems.
Treatment – Syphilis can be treated with the use of antibiotics.
Tips on Prevention of Common STDs in Men
While there are several more types of sexually transmitted diseases in men, the ones mentioned above happen to be most prevalent. Most of the STIs and STDs can be prevented. Here’s how you can prevent them:
- Practising safe sex by using contraception like condoms and dental dams
- Limiting your number of sexual partners
- Completely avoid having any form of sexual activity if you have a suspicion of infections
- Get a regular screening because many times there are no signs and symptoms of STDs in men
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 1 million people get a sexually transmitted infection each day. The above article aims at promoting information on the most common STDs in men and ways to prevent them.
If you wish to learn more about sexual and reproductive health, follow our blog article series #NotSoShy.